/joh'liks/ n.,adj. 386BSD
PORTING UNIX TO THE 386: A PRACTICAL APPROACH
William & Lynne Jolitz
Portions of the root allow the kernel to be installed as the fundamental component of the operating system. These standalone programs occupy space within the root filesystem.
The /stand directory in our BSD root filesystem contains standalone programs to be loaded using the standalone /boot program and run directly on the machine, sans the presence (and possible interference) of the operating system. This permits us to run programs to test, format, or diagnose device behavior. Other programs (/stand/cat, /stand/ls, /stand/icheck) allow us to diagnose problems with the root filesystem, independent of the operating system. In addition, standalone disk bootstrap programs (/stand/bootwd, /stand/bootfd) reside here, to be installed by other programs (/sbin/disklabel) onto the disk media.